(1) Nietzche is one of the most profound, enigmatic, misunderstood and controversial philosophers in the whole of western thought. It was his sister Elisabeth who, after his death, edited and crucially altered a collection of his writings and published it under the title The Will to Power. She and her husband Forster, a prominent anti-semite (marriage to whom had been strongly opposed by Nietzche) placed an entirely misleading fascist interpretation on his writings. This was the dragon seed, which Hitler reaped. Nietzche’s concept of the overman is much closer to Aristotle’s Man of Virtue than the glorified Aryan Hero. Freud said of Nietzche that ‘he had a more penetrating knowledge of himself than any other man who ever lived or was ever likely to live.’

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